15
2017
02

60 years of British descent, Land Rover brand SUV development of the road


  [car03 Car history]  In 1947, an Englishman in the Wales on the beach with a simple line out of the outline of a car, the car is Land Rover. This article, we come with everyone to review the Land Rover brand SUV development path.

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  Roche Wilkes, director of engineering at Rover, has a farm on the island of Anglesey in Wales and is eager to have a multi-purpose vehicle with light tractors and sport utility vehicles.

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  In 1947, Morris Wilkes sketched out the contours of the car on the beach and named it "Land Rover", meaning Rover cars that could be used for farming.

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  Morris Wilkes told his brother, Spencer Wilkes, of the idea of developing a multipurpose car, who was then the general manager of Rover's car, and the two were making a mistake and decided to put the idea into reality immediately.

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  In the R & D team's efforts, the first Land Rover prototype car to World War II has been widely equipped and applied by the US military jeep chassis and components built on the basis of its most notable features are the steering wheel and the driver's seat are Was designed in the middle.

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  Land Rover's original wheelbase is 80 inches, using the engine front structure, equipped with a Rover car from the 1.6-liter displacement gasoline engine, the maximum power of 51 horsepower, while equipped with four-wheel drive system to improve vehicle off-road driving ability.

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  In addition, due to the extreme lack of steel after World War II, but the supply of aluminum alloy material is extremely abundant, so the Wilkes brothers chose aluminum alloy as Land Rover body material, which won a good corrosion resistance, and make the car significant To reduce.

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  Morris Wilkes turned to his own backyard field and tested and tested the Land Rover prototype with the tractor's work, and the results showed that the car was not available for testing the Land Rover prototype. With a rich multi-purpose.

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  On April 30, 1948, Land Rover was officially released at the Amsterdam Motor Show. In the summer of the same year, the car began mass production at the Solihull factory and sold as a commercial vehicle.

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  Land Rover, once launched, not only by the British farmers welcome, get the British military's favor, but also for Rover opened a breakthrough in the overseas market. In 1948, Land Rover's output was 3048, rising to more than 8,000 in 1949.

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  Since 1950, Land Rover's classification has changed from commercial vehicles to multipurpose vehicles, and is no longer limited by the speed of 30 miles per hour (about 48 km / h) on the British road. In 1952, Land Rover's powertrain was upgraded to a 2.0-liter engine.

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  In 1954, the 86-inch wheelbase Land Rover replaced the original 80-inch wheelbase models, while also adding a 107-inch long-wheelbase version. Land Rover's cumulative sales have surpassed 200,000 by the 10th anniversary of the Rover brand in 1958.

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  It is worth mentioning that, in 1955, six Oxford and Cambridge students drove two Land Rover, starting from London, surrounded by half of the Earth arrived in Singapore, the adventure was all cross-continental adventure journey longest.

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  Also in 1958, Land Rover also introduced the Land Rover "II Series" model, the wheelbase further extended to 88 inches and 109 inches, and increased diesel power version. In 1966, Land Rover produced the 500,000 Land Rover.

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  In 1967, Rover was incorporated into the Leland Motor Company, although the parent company was acquired, but the Land Rover brand did not stop the pace of progress. In 1968, Land Rover built the first full-size SUV Range Rover (Range Rover) prototype Velar.

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  June 17, 1970, Land Rover brand's second model Rover officially come out, 100-inch wheelbase and high driving angle and wide field of vision, to open to the car people brought a new experience.

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  Power, based on Buick V8 improved 3.5-liter engine, the maximum power of 135 horsepower, the maximum speed of 100km / h. Range Rover also has other four-wheel drive before and after the coil spring-type suspension, so as to get the same level of off-road vehicles in the best comfort.

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  Land Rover Range Rover in 1971 by the London Royal Automobile Club (RAC) Dewar trophy (Dewar trophy) given the "automotive industry in the history of the best British technological innovation" honor. The car was also exhibited at the Louvre Art Gallery and was known as the outstanding work of modern sculpture art.

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  In 1987, the Land Rover Range Rover was introduced into the US market, and all vehicles were equipped with air conditioning systems, navigation controls and automatic transmissions. As a result, Land Rover brand officially embarked on the development of luxury SUV road.

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  In 1989, Land Rover's first mid-range SUV Discovery came out. In 1990, in order to brand and product better difference, Land Rover series changed its name to Land Rover guard.

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  In 1994, Rover was acquired by BMW, Land Rover became the Group's off-road vehicle brand. In 1997, Land Rover opened the compact SUV market and launched Freelander (Freelander).

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  In 2000, Ford bought the Land Rover from BMW, but in 2008, Ford was affected by the financial crisis, in turn sold to the Indian Tata Group. Nevertheless, the Land Rover brand has always been to explore the unknown, never stop the spirit of the global luxury SUV market occupies an important position.

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